Dica de Saúde 17/07/2017 14:52

Pesquisa mostra que obesidade cresceu 60% em dez anos no Brasil

<p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; line-height: normal; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><img src="http://www.unisaudems.org.br/fotos/201707171441421500316902.jpg" alt="" /></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; line-height: normal; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family:" times="" new="">Dados do Vigitel indicam que os maus h&aacute;bitos dos brasileiros impactam no crescimento da obesidade e aumenta preval&ecirc;ncia de diabetes e hipertens&atilde;o<o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Entre fevereiro e dezembro de 2016 foram entrevistados, por telefone, 53.210 pessoas com mais de 18 anos nas 26 capitais do pa&iacute;s e Distrito Federal. S&atilde;o dez anos de pesquisa. O Vigitel foi implantado desde 2006 e tem como objetivo monitorar a frequ&ecirc;ncia e a distribui&ccedil;&atilde;o de fatores de risco e prote&ccedil;&atilde;o para doen&ccedil;as cr&ocirc;nicas n&atilde;o transmiss&iacute;veis por inqu&eacute;rito telef&ocirc;nico, al&eacute;m de descrever a evolu&ccedil;&atilde;o anual desses indicadores em nosso meio. As entrevistas s&atilde;o realizadas anualmente em amostras da popula&ccedil;&atilde;o adulta (18 anos ou mais).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Os indicadores avaliados est&atilde;o dispostos nos seguintes assuntos: tabagismo, excesso de peso e obesidade, consumo alimentar, atividade f&iacute;sica, consumo de bebidas alco&oacute;licas, condu&ccedil;&atilde;o de ve&iacute;culo motorizado ap&oacute;s consumo de qualquer quantidade de bebidas alco&oacute;licas, autoavalia&ccedil;&atilde;o do estado de sa&uacute;de, preven&ccedil;&atilde;o de c&acirc;ncer e morbidade referida.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Segundo o Minist&eacute;rio da Sa&uacute;de, os h&aacute;bitos dos brasileiros impactam no crescimento da obesidade e aumenta preval&ecirc;ncia de diabetes e hipertens&atilde;o. Conhecer a situa&ccedil;&atilde;o de sa&uacute;de da popula&ccedil;&atilde;o &eacute; o primeiro passo para planejar a&ccedil;&otilde;es e programas que reduzam a ocorr&ecirc;ncia de doen&ccedil;as, melhorando a sa&uacute;de do brasileiro.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">O excesso de peso e a obesidade crescem descontroladamente em todo o mundo. O grande consumo de alimentos industrializados, de alta densidade energ&eacute;tica, a &ldquo;gourmetiza&ccedil;&atilde;o&rdquo; da comida cada vez elaborando mais prepara&ccedil;&otilde;es cremosas e fritas no dia a dia das pessoas, a redu&ccedil;&atilde;o do movimento nas atividades di&aacute;rias, sedentarismo e alto grau de estresse v&ecirc;m colaborando para o aumento de peso e das doen&ccedil;as cr&ocirc;nicas degenerativas (hipertens&atilde;o arterial, diabetes...)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <h2 style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;">&nbsp;</h2> <h2 style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Resultados da pesquisa Vigitel<o:p></o:p></span></h2> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:">- Excesso de peso cresceu 26,3% em dez anos, passando de 42,6% em 2006 para 53,8% em 2016<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Mais prevalente em homens 57,7% do que em mulheres 50,5%<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - O indicador aumenta com a idade e &eacute; maior entre os com menor escolaridade<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Obesidade cresceu 60% em dez anos, passando de 11,8% em 2006 para 18,9% em 2016<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - A preval&ecirc;ncia &eacute; semelhante entre os sexos homens 19,6% e mulheres 18,1%, duplica a partir dos 25 anos e &eacute; maior entre os que t&ecirc;m menor escolaridade.</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; font-size: 16pt; letter-spacing: -0.45pt; font-style: inherit; font-variant-ligatures: inherit; font-variant-caps: inherit; font-weight: inherit;">Avan&ccedil;o das doen&ccedil;as cr&ocirc;nicas</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><strong style="box-sizing: inherit; font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit; line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:" windowtext="" mso-border-alt:none="">Diabetes</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">: aumento de 61,8% de pessoas diagnosticada com diabetes<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">- Passou de 5,5% em 2006 para 8,9% em 2016<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Sendo que as mulheres tem mais diagn&oacute;stico de diabete: 9,9% de mulheres e 7,8% homens<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Indicador aumenta com a idade e &eacute; quase tr&ecirc;s vezes maior entre os com menor escolaridade<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit; font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:" windowtext="" none="">Hipertens&atilde;o</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">: cresceu 14,2% o n&uacute;mero de pessoas que foram diagnosticadas por hipertens&atilde;o, passou de 22,5% em 2006 para 25,7% em 2016.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">- Mulheres t&ecirc;m maior diagn&oacute;stico de hipertens&atilde;o 27,5 % e homens 23,6%<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Indicador aumenta com a idade e &eacute; maior entre os com menor escolaridade.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <h2 style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">H&aacute;bitos mais saud&aacute;veis<o:p></o:p></span></h2> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:">- Aumento do consumo regular de frutas e hortali&ccedil;as<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Em 2008 era 33,0% e em 2016 foram 35,2%. Mas ainda &eacute; muito abaixo do recomendado<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Em 2016, apenas um entre tr&ecirc;s adultos consumiram frutas e hortali&ccedil;as em cinco dias da semana<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Mulheres consumiram cerca de 40,7% e homens 28,8%<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Redu&ccedil;&atilde;o no consumo de refrigerantes e sucos artificiais<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">As bebidas a&ccedil;ucaradas t&ecirc;m importante papel no ganho de peso e aparecimento de c&aacute;ries da popula&ccedil;&atilde;o. Devem ser evitadas.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">- Observou-se redu&ccedil;&atilde;o no consumo regular de refrigerantes ou sucos artificiais: em 2007 o indicador era de 30,9% e em 2016 foi 16,5%.</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links="">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; box-sizing: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:" windowtext="" none="">Aumento da atividade f&iacute;sica no lazer</span></strong></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;font-family:"> - Equivalente a pelo menos 150 minutos de exerc&iacute;cio moderado por semana.<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Cresce pr&aacute;tica de atividade f&iacute;sica no tempo livre. Em 2009, o indicador era 30,3% e em 2016 foram 37,6%.<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Preval&ecirc;ncia diminui com a idade, sendo mais frequente entre os jovens de 18 a 24 anos.<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Segundo a Organiza&ccedil;&atilde;o Mundial da Sa&uacute;de preconiza-se: 150 minutos/semana de exerc&iacute;cio f&iacute;sico regular para promo&ccedil;&atilde;o de sa&uacute;de e 300 minutos/semana de exerc&iacute;cio para redu&ccedil;&atilde;o de peso.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <h2 style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Algumas a&ccedil;&otilde;es importantes:<o:p></o:p></span></h2> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:">- Lei de rotulagem exigindo melhor descri&ccedil;&atilde;o de ingredientes e composi&ccedil;&atilde;o nutricional. O consumidor precisa saber o que cada produto realmente cont&eacute;m para que fa&ccedil;a escolhas mais conscientes, seguras e acertivas.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Lembrando que os ingredientes s&atilde;o descritos por ordem decrescente, ou seja, o alimento ou subst&acirc;ncia em maior quantidade em primeiro.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">- &Eacute; preciso participa&ccedil;&atilde;o da ind&uacute;stria aliment&iacute;cia para redu&ccedil;&atilde;o de a&ccedil;&uacute;cares, gorduras e sal nos alimentos processados e ultraprocessados.<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - Desembale menos e descasque mais<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> - A elabora&ccedil;&atilde;o e publica&ccedil;&atilde;o do Guia Alimentar incentivando a redu&ccedil;&atilde;o da ingest&atilde;o de alimentos processados e principalmente ultraprocessados e estimulando a ingest&atilde;o de alimentos in natura.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">Foi o primeiro guia que tamb&eacute;m abordou a import&acirc;ncia das quest&otilde;es comportamentais com a comida nas rela&ccedil;&otilde;es sociais, quest&otilde;es culturais/regionais, com quem e onde voc&ecirc; se alimenta. Comer &eacute; muito mais do que nutrir, d&aacute; prazer, agrega, conforta, possui simbolismos, conta um pouco da nossa hist&oacute;ria. Introduzir novos h&aacute;bitos e modificar o estilo de vida requer persist&ecirc;ncia, desejo de mudar, prioriza&ccedil;&atilde;o, negocia&ccedil;&atilde;o e motiva&ccedil;&atilde;o constante.</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links="">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><em style="font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; box-sizing: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit;"><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:" windowtext="" none="">*As informa&ccedil;&otilde;es e opini&otilde;es emitidas neste texto s&atilde;o de inteira responsabilidade do autor, n&atilde;o correspondendo, necessariamente, ao ponto de vista do Globoesporte.com / EuAtleta.com.</span></b></em><span style="font-size: 12px;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links="">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><em>fonte:(<span style="color: rgb(151, 151, 151); font-family: opensans, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: -0.32px;">Por Cristiane Perroni, Rio de Janeiro)</span></em></span></p>

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