Dica de Saúde 28/06/2017 10:21

Brincadeira séria: 9 verdades e 1 mentira sobre a prevenção de doenças cardíacas

<p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="http://www.unisaudems.org.br/fotos/201706281017061498659426.jpg" alt="" /></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family:" times="" new="">Em 2016, ocorreram 349 mil &oacute;bitos por doen&ccedil;as cardiovasculares no Brasil. Por isso, cardiologista lista fatores que contribuem para o aumento desse problema. Confira e comece a mudan&ccedil;a agora!</span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:">Em 2016, ocorreram 349 mil &oacute;bitos por doen&ccedil;as cardiovasculares no Brasil, um aumento de 1,39% em rela&ccedil;&atilde;o a 2015. Mesmo sabendo da import&acirc;ncia da preven&ccedil;&atilde;o e dos fatores de risco que desencadeiam doen&ccedil;as cardiovasculares, algumas pessoas n&atilde;o conseguem aderir a uma rotina e h&aacute;bitos alimentares mais saud&aacute;veis. Dados da Organiza&ccedil;&atilde;o Mundial da Sa&uacute;de (OMS) indicam que, a cada ano, 17,3 milh&otilde;es de pessoas falecem em todo o mundo de doen&ccedil;as cardiovasculares. A estimativa para 2030 &eacute; preocupante, pois o total de &oacute;bitos dever&aacute; chegar a 23,6 milh&otilde;es.&nbsp;<strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">Confira ent&atilde;o, 9 verdades e 1 mentira sobre a preven&ccedil;&atilde;o de doen&ccedil;as card&iacute;acas:</span></strong><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><a href="http://globoesporte.globo.com/eu-atleta/saude/noticia/2017/02/simples-exercicio-fisico-moderado-ja-altera-celulas-do-coracao-diz-estudo.html" style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><b><span style="color:#FF6600; border:none windowtext 1.0pt;mso-border-alt:none windowtext 0cm;padding:0cm">+ Simples exerc&iacute;cio f&iacute;sico moderado j&aacute; altera c&eacute;lulas do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o</span></b></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;line-height:107%;mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">9 verdades:</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">1. Etnia</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> Existem fatores de risco n&atilde;o evit&aacute;veis, control&aacute;veis ou trat&aacute;veis, como a etnia. Certos grupos &eacute;tnicos t&ecirc;m maior risco para desenvolver doen&ccedil;as cardiovasculares.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">2. Hipertens&atilde;o&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family: "><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> A hipertens&atilde;o arterial (HA) sozinha &eacute; a principal causa de doen&ccedil;as do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o (infarto), dos rins, do AVC (acidente vascular cerebral), de comprometimento das art&eacute;rias e dos olhos, al&eacute;m de matar mais que o c&acirc;ncer e at&eacute; mesmo a AIDS.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">3. Hist&oacute;ria familiar&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> Se familiares pr&oacute;ximos, como pais e irm&atilde;os, t&ecirc;m ou tiveram problemas do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o, as pessoas t&ecirc;m mais chances de desenvolver as mesmas doen&ccedil;as. Sendo fator de risco n&atilde;o evit&aacute;vel, control&aacute;vel ou trat&aacute;vel, serve de alerta para os membros da fam&iacute;lia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;line-height:107%;mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">4. Idade&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> Com o envelhecimento, aumentam os problemas que afetam a sa&uacute;de do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o e, consequentemente, os riscos de desenvolver doen&ccedil;as tamb&eacute;m aumentam. Fator de risco n&atilde;o evit&aacute;vel, control&aacute;vel ou trat&aacute;vel, serve de alerta.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">5. Estresse excessivo&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> Consequ&ecirc;ncia do ritmo da vida moderna, o estresse &eacute; inevit&aacute;vel, e &eacute; preciso aprender a conviver porque ele se relaciona ao aumento do risco card&iacute;aco.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><a href="http://globoesporte.globo.com/eu-atleta/saude/noticia/2016/08/pratica-de-atividades-fisicas-muda-o-tamanho-e-os-batimentos-do-coracao.html" style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><b><span style="color:#FF6600; border:none windowtext 1.0pt;mso-border-alt:none windowtext 0cm;padding:0cm">+ Atividades f&iacute;sicas mudam tamanho e batimentos do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o</span></b></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">6. Bebida alco&oacute;lica&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family: "><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> O consumo excessivo de &aacute;lcool pode ser danoso &agrave; sa&uacute;de do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o, relacionado &agrave; hipertens&atilde;o, altera&ccedil;&atilde;o no ritmo do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o e aumento de peso.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;line-height:107%;mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">7. Colesterol elevado&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> Elemento importante para v&aacute;rios processos org&acirc;nicos, entre eles, a forma&ccedil;&atilde;o das c&eacute;lulas, a produ&ccedil;&atilde;o de horm&ocirc;nios, de vitamina D e de &aacute;cidos que ajudam a digerir as gorduras. O problema &eacute; que o ser humano necessita apenas de uma pequena quantidade de colesterol no sangue, produzida quase que totalmente pelo f&iacute;gado (75%). O excedente se acumula nas paredes das art&eacute;rias, aumentando os riscos cardiovasculares, como infarto do mioc&aacute;rdio ou acidente vascular cerebral.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">8. Sedentarismo</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> A falta de atividade f&iacute;sica &eacute; um dos mais importantes fatores de risco para as doen&ccedil;as cardiovasculares. O sedentarismo contribui para o desenvolvimento de hipertens&atilde;o arterial, obesidade, diabetes, colesterol elevado e outras doen&ccedil;as.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">9. Tabagismo&nbsp;</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> A maior causa evit&aacute;vel de mortes no mundo &eacute; o tabagismo. Os fumantes t&ecirc;m o risco de morte s&uacute;bita quatro vezes maior do que os n&atilde;o fumantes. O v&iacute;cio do cigarro aumenta o risco de infarto do mioc&aacute;rdio, acidente vascular cerebral e do c&acirc;ncer.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><a href="http://globoesporte.globo.com/eu-atleta/saude/noticia/qual-sera-o-melhor-esporte-para-quem-tem-doencas-cardiacas-medico-responde.ghtml" style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><b><span style="color:#FF6600; border:none windowtext 1.0pt;mso-border-alt:none windowtext 0cm;padding:0cm">+ Qual ser&aacute; o melhor esporte para quem tem doen&ccedil;as card&iacute;acas?</span></b></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">1 mentira:&nbsp;</span></strong><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family: " border:none="" windowtext=""><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> <strong>Apenas obesos t&ecirc;m problemas no cora&ccedil;&atilde;o&nbsp;</strong><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> </span></b><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:">A obesidade &eacute; um dos fatores que aceleram a aterosclerose coron&aacute;ria, aumenta a chance de o indiv&iacute;duo desenvolver hipertens&atilde;o arterial, diabetes e doen&ccedil;a card&iacute;aca. Mas as pessoas magras tamb&eacute;m podem ser afetadas, principalmente se tiverem fatores de risco n&atilde;o controlados.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">Refer&ecirc;ncia:</span></strong><span style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"><br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> <em style="box-sizing: inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-weight:inherit; font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">SOCESP (Soc de Cardiologia do ESP) gest&atilde;o Prof. Dr Francisco Fonseca</span></em><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:" border:none="" windowtext="">*As informa&ccedil;&otilde;es e opini&otilde;es emitidas neste texto s&atilde;o de inteira responsabilidade do autor, n&atilde;o correspondendo, necessariamente, ao ponto de vista do Globoesporte.com / EuAtleta.com.</span></strong></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links="">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size: smaller;"><em>Fonte: (<span style="color: rgb(151, 151, 151); font-family: opensans, sans-serif; font-weight: bold; letter-spacing: -0.32px;">Por Nabil Ghorayeb, S&atilde;o Paulo)</span></em></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit; text-align: justify;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:16.0pt; font-family:"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

Fonte: