Dica de Saúde 31/08/2017 16:20

AVC: causas, riscos e prevenção

<p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:justify"><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"><img src="http://unisaudems.org.br/fotos/201708311620341504210834.jpg" alt="" /><br /> </span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:justify"><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:">O AVC &eacute; a quarta doen&ccedil;a que mais mata no Brasil e &eacute; a que mais causa incapacidade no mundo. Existem dois tipos de acidente vascular cerebral: o isqu&ecirc;mico, que &eacute; quando um co&aacute;gulo bloqueia o fluxo sangu&iacute;neo no c&eacute;rebro, e o hemorr&aacute;gico, causado pelo rompimento de um vaso. Saber o tipo de AVC que a pessoa est&aacute; tendo &eacute; fundamental para dar in&iacute;cio ao tratamento.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:">O Bem Estar desta ter&ccedil;a-feira (29) convidou o cardiologista e consultor Roberto Kalil e a neurologista do Hospital das Cl&iacute;nicas de Porto Alegre e membro da ONG Rede Brasil AVC Ana Claudia Souza para falar sobre o AVC, riscos e como se prevenir.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links="">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/CampanhaAVC/" target="_blank" style="box-sizing: inherit; font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit; line-height:inherit"><b><span style="color:#00CDD6;border:none windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:none windowtext 0cm;padding:0cm">Conhe&ccedil;a a campanha &ldquo;A Vida Conta &ndash; Cada minuto faz diferen&ccedil;a&rdquo;, que visa conscientizar a popula&ccedil;&atilde;o sobre a import&acirc;ncia do r&aacute;pido atendimento ao paciente que est&aacute; sofrendo um AVC</span></b></a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links="">&nbsp;</p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:">Apesar do nome &lsquo;acidente&rsquo;, o AVC &eacute; o desfecho de uma s&eacute;rie de fatores de risco que podemos controlar e que agridem ou sobrecarregam os vasos do &oacute;rg&atilde;o que comanda nosso corpo, o c&eacute;rebro. E o que pode colaborar para o acidente vascular cerebral? Muito sal, a&ccedil;&uacute;car e gordura, sedentarismo, diabetes e press&atilde;o descontrolados, fumo e estresse.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:">Doen&ccedil;as do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o, especialmente as que produzam arritmias, aumentam o risco de AVC. As arritmias provocam uma corrente sangu&iacute;nea irregular e facilitam a forma&ccedil;&atilde;o de co&aacute;gulos sangu&iacute;neos dentro do cora&ccedil;&atilde;o, que podem chegar pela circula&ccedil;&atilde;o dos vasos do c&eacute;rebro, diminuindo o fluxo sangu&iacute;neo e causando o AVC. Alguns exemplos de doen&ccedil;as s&atilde;o: infarto, fibrila&ccedil;&atilde;o atrial, doen&ccedil;as nas v&aacute;lvulas, cardiopatia chag&aacute;sica.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:">O AVC gera uma dor de cabe&ccedil;a s&uacute;bita e muito forte, mas os sinais diferencias s&atilde;o altera&ccedil;&otilde;es nos movimentos e cogni&ccedil;&atilde;o. Quanto mais r&aacute;pido o resgate, menor o risco de danos ao c&eacute;rebro. Os m&eacute;dicos alertam para fazer o teste&nbsp;<strong style="box-sizing: inherit; font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit; line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">SAMU</span></strong>:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="content-textcontainer" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; background-image: initial; background-position: initial; background-size: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; vertical-align: baseline; box-sizing: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 1.25rem; line-height: inherit;" data-track-category="Link no Texto" data-track-links=""><span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:">-&nbsp;<strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit;font-stretch: inherit; font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">S</span></strong>orriso (pe&ccedil;a para a pessoa sorrir. Veja se um lado do rosto n&atilde;o mexe)<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> -&nbsp;<strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit; font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">A</span></strong>bra&ccedil;o (veja se a pessoa consegue elevar os dois bra&ccedil;os como se fosse abra&ccedil;ar ou se um membro n&atilde;o se move)<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> -&nbsp;<strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit; font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">M</span></strong>&uacute;sica (veja se a pessoa repete o pedacinho de uma m&uacute;sica ou se enrola as palavras)<br style="box-sizing: inherit" /> -&nbsp;<strong style="box-sizing: inherit;font-style:inherit;font-variant:inherit; font-stretch: inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit"><span style="border: 1pt none windowtext; padding: 0cm;">U</span></strong>rgente (chame o 192, servi&ccedil;o de urg&ecirc;ncia)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 14pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><em>fonte: (G1)&nbsp;</em></p>

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